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How to Crack the Judiciary Exam on Your First Attempt

Many aspiring judges aim to crack the judiciary exam on their first try. Whether you're currently pursuing an LLB or have already completed your law degree, a prestigious career awaits you. One of the most fulfilling career paths for a law graduate is to become a Civil Judge. This guide will provide you with a comprehensive strategy to achieve success on your first attempt.

Understanding the Judiciary Exam Pattern

Before diving into preparation tips, it's crucial to understand the exam's structure and syllabus. Typically, the PCS Judiciary exam for any state comprises three stages:

  1. Preliminary Exam: An objective test to filter candidates for the mains examination.

  2. Mains Exam: A subjective test evaluating a candidate’s knowledge and application of the law.

  3. Interview/Viva-Voce: This stage assesses the candidate’s personality, practical knowledge, and suitability for a judicial role.

Step-by-Step Guide to Crack the Judiciary Exam

1. Know the Syllabus and Exam Pattern

The first step in your preparation is to thoroughly understand the syllabus and exam pattern specific to your state. Each state may have slight variations in their syllabus. Download the official syllabus and highlight key topics.

2. Create a Study Plan

A well-structured study plan is crucial. Allocate specific time slots for each subject and adhere to your schedule. Ensure your study plan includes:

  • Daily study hours with short breaks

  • Time for revision and mock tests

  • Weekly and monthly targets

3. Gather the Right Study Materials

To qualify for the Judiciary Exam, comprehensive study materials are essential. Focus on quality rather than quantity:

  • Standard textbooks for each subject

  • Bare acts and commentaries

  • Previous years’ question papers

  • Online resources and video lectures

4. Focus on Conceptual Clarity

Understanding concepts thoroughly is more important than rote learning. Focus on core subjects like:

  • The Indian Constitution

  • Indian Penal Code (IPC) now Bhartiya Nyaya Sanhita, 2023

  • Civil Procedure Code (CPC)

  • Criminal Procedure Code (CrPC) now Bharatiya Nagarik Suraksha Sanhita, 2023

  • Indian Evidence Act now Bharatiya Sakshya Adhiniyam, 2023

  • Transfer of Property Act

Practice answer writing for these subjects to build clarity and precision.

5. Regular Revision

Regular revision is key to retaining what you've learned. Make concise notes while studying and revise them periodically. Summarize and revise your weekly studies every Sunday, focusing on the index parts of bare acts for quick reviews.

6. Practice Previous Years’ Papers

Solving previous years' question papers helps you understand the exam pattern, difficulty level, and frequently asked questions. It also improves your time management skills.

7. Judiciary Mock Tests

Mock tests are crucial for self-assessment. They help you identify your strengths and weaknesses. Join a good test series and take these tests under exam-like conditions.

8. Improve Writing Skills

For the mains exam, writing skills are crucial. Practice writing clear and concise answers, focusing on:

  • Answer structuring

  • Legal writing style

  • Clarity and precision

  • Effective conclusions

9. Stay Updated with Current Affairs

Judicial services exams often include questions on current legal developments and general knowledge. Regularly read newspapers, legal journals, and follow reliable news sources.

10. Prepare for the Interview

If you qualify for the interview stage, start preparing early. Focus on:

  • Communication skills

  • Body language

  • Confidence

  • Subject knowledge

  • Knowledge of recent legal developments

11. Stay Motivated and Healthy

Maintaining a positive mindset and good health is crucial for sustained preparation. Practice:

  • Regular exercise and a healthy diet

  • Stress-relief activities like meditation or hobbies

  • Adequate sleep

12. Seek Guidance

Join coaching classes if needed and seek guidance from mentors or peers who have successfully cleared the exam. Engage in study groups for mutual learning and support.


Cracking the judiciary exam on the first attempt requires dedication, strategic planning, and consistent hard work. By following these tips and maintaining a disciplined approach, you can increase your chances of success. Remember, perseverance and a positive attitude are your best allies on this journey.


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